Please note: The information on this website is provided by Cosmocare Medical Center as Dubai STD Clinic for educational purposes only. It is not a substitute for professional medical care or advice.
Gonorrhea is one of the most common reportable diseases in the Dubai, UAE. Untreated gonorrhea in women can result in pelvic inflammatory disease and subsequent infertility, ectopic pregnancy, and chronic pelvic pain. In addition, substantial evidence suggests that gonorrhea facilitates the transmission of HIV infection in both men and women.
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Screening for gonorrhea in settings other than STD clinics should be focused on persons at high risk for infection, using screening algorithms based on the local epidemiology of gonorrhea. Screening algorithms should take into consideration both client risk factors and prevalences in local geographic areas, specific venues and among defined populations. Groups to be considered for routine screening include: adolescents; MSM; HIV-infected persons; persons with previous episode(s) of gonorrhea; sex workers; and persons entering correctional institutions, especially in high-prevalence areas. However, research is necessary to refine the priority groups for gonorrhea screening. (High priority, high degree of consensus)
Gonorrhoea is the second most commonly reported bacterial STI in UAE and as such it poses a serious and growing public health problem. In men, urethral infection usually leads to dysuria and urethral discharge and may be complicated by epididymitis. Among women, genital tract infection is frequently asymptomatic, but when symptoms occur they include dysuria, increased or altered vaginal discharge, lower abdominal pain and, in rare cases, intermenstrual bleeding or menorrhagia. Among men and women, rectal and pharyngeal infections are relatively frequent and mostly asymptomatic. Untreated infections may lead to severe secondary sequelae among women, including pelvic inflammatory disease, first trimester abortions, ectopic pregnancy, and infertility. N. gonorrhoeae infections also play a role in facilitating HIV acquisition and transmission. Successful treatment of cases reduces the risk of complications, but also serves as the main public health strategy for reducing transmission.
You don't need any special preparations for a swab test or a blood test. For a lumbar puncture, you may be asked to empty your bladder and bowels before the test.
There is no known risk to having a swab test.
There is very little risk to having a blood test. You may have slight pain or bruising at the spot where the needle was put in, but most symptoms go away quickly.
If you had a lumbar puncture, you may have pain or tenderness in your back where the needle was inserted. You may also get a headache after the procedure.
The best way to prevent genital herpes or another STD is to not have sex. If you are sexually active, you can reduce your risk of infection by
If you've been diagnosed with genital herpes, condom use can reduce your risk of spreading the infection to others.